Trip Information

[No Photos]
Trip Date:2007-01-04 - 2007-01-06
# Photos:5 [View]
Countries visited:Israel
Viewed: 1090
The Dead Sea is the Earth's lowest point not covered by ice, at 418 metres (1,371 ft) below sea level and falling[2], and the deepest hypersaline lake in the world at 330 m (1,083 ft) deep. It is the saltiest body of water on Earth with a salinity of about 30%. This is about 8.6 times greater than the average ocean salinity. It measures 67 kilometres (42 mi) long, up to 18 kilometres (11 mi) wide, and is located on the border between the West Bank, Israel, and Jordan, and lies in the Jordan Rift Valley. The main tributary is the Jordan River.

The Dead Sea has attracted interest and visitors from around the Mediterranean basin for thousands of years. It was a place of refuge for King David, it was one of the world's first health resorts for Herod the Great, and it has been the supplier of products as diverse as balms for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers.

In Hebrew the Dead Sea is called the Yam ha-Melakh (help·info) - meaning "sea of salt", or Yam ha-Mavet - meaning "sea of death". In past times it was the "Eastern Sea" or the "Sea of Arava". To the Greeks, the Dead Sea was "Lake Asphaltites" (. In Arabic the Dead Sea is called Al Bahr al Mayyit (help·info) meaning "the Dead Sea", or less commonly Bahr meaning "the Sea of Lot". Historically, another Arabic name was the "Sea of Zoar", after a nearby town.