Photographer's Note

The Ile de la Cité, it is also the birthplace of Paris. Around 200 BC, while larger cities east of Alexandria in Babylon, for millennia embody the cutting edge of civilization, fishermen Gallic of the Parisii tribe plant their huts on the larger islands the Seine. Fertile and rich in fish and game, can easily connect the two banks of the river, the island will be transformed quickly into the village, then city is the birth of Lutèce. Conquered in 52 AD by the Roman legions of Labenius, the city is known for its activities Skippers. The nave, which remains today the symbol of Paris, appears in both the fitness of the island, including the west end evokes the bow of a ship, and the activity of its original inhabitants.

In 360, under the Merovingian monarchy, which will take the name Lutetia in Paris. In 451, Attila pass the Rhine with its 700000 Huns, and foncera in Paris, whose population, terrified, began to flee. Genevieve implorera God to save the city. It will be heard. Arriving at the edge of the walls, the barbarians, without knowing why, half round and will take the route of Orleans.

In 506, Clovis will use its capital Paris. It was at that time given to the island, which has concentrated most of the city, the name of Cité. Until the tenth century, the island fortress must cope with multiple and devastating Norman invasions, whose memory will be perpetuated until the sixteenth century, in churches in Paris, through prayer: "God, libère-nous the fury of Normans ... "

The Ile de la Cité teeming life throughout the Middle Ages, in every sense: the growing population moved increasingly on the banks of the Seine. From a political, spiritual and cultural development, the island will become a center of attraction for Europe. Royal power and the judiciary, indivisible, coexist in the same palace, which will be enlarged and embellished by Philip the Fair. Saint Louis will order the construction of the Sainte Chapelle. Notre Dame will emerge gradually. Schools poetry (it is at this place and at this time that will be invented the Alexandrian) philosophy and open their doors.

It was not until the end of the sixteenth century, under Henry III, arrange to see the western tip of the island, current place Dauphine, composed until then swamps. It was in this place that Philip the Fair had burn Jacques de Molay, grand master of the Knights Templar. Henri IV will be built, in 1607, in second place after the Royal Place des Vosges, the superb place Dauphine, named after Louis XIII of the future. The place soon became one of the most animated of the capital. Triangular in shape, the place Dauphine will be surrounded by thirty-two similar houses, brick and white stone.

The Ile de la Cité, despite its long history, we mainly appears today with the face that will give it the nineteenth century. The maze of narrow streets, which enserraient Dame and the Palais de Justice, will be destroyed by the work of Haussmann and replaced by wide avenues opening the island to traffic. However, one can still feel the poetry of yesteryear while browsing the flower market and birds, contemplating the place Dauphine or sitting on a bench in the square in the Vert - Galant.

For sunny day, we can also go to tanning square of the Ile de France, behind Notre Dame, which offers a beautiful view on the island St. Louis. Originally separate islet known as "la Motte to papelards" at the end of the thirteenth century, which will serve as a receptacle to rubble and waste accumulated during the construction of the cathedral, the square houses the memorial Martyrs of the Deportation. Two hundred thousand peaks crystal evoke so many people murdered in the camps.

In WS: A tearoom in an alley behind Notre Dame de Paris

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Additional Photos by Marie TADDEI (Nolme) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 238 W: 42 N: 1019] (6829)
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