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Photographer's Note

- One sees on this photo catch in Marrakech on the very famous place Jeema-el-Fna, a street Pedlar who prepares at very high speed and in front of the idlers, the Ras el Hanout. In the Maghreb, you cannot escape from traditional Couscous and in Morocco, the many Tajines, all are scented by a mixture of spices called Ras el Hanout. The traditional receipt of the Ras el hanout (this name being purely Moroccan) varies between 24 or 27 ingredients (the most current formula) and can go until more than forty. Here the true receipt, one finds there:

1. Cardamome: "Qâqulla", seed of one zingibéracée. (Malabar, Sri Lanka).
2. Macis: "Bsibsa", arille which surrounds almond of the nutmeg. (Java, Sumatra).
3. Galanga: "Khdenjal", rhizome of one zingibéracée cultivated and savage in the Far East, China.
4. Maniguette: "Gouza sahraouia", seed of one zingibéracée. Côte.d'ivoire.
5. Nutmeg: "Gouzt ettiab", nut of the fruit of the muscadier. (Sumatra, Java).
6. Four spices: "Nouioura", pepper. (Jamaica the Antilles). Very different from peppers in spite of its name.
7. Cantharide: "Debban elhand", coleopter, aphrodisiac. (Mediterranean Areas).
8. Groove: "Qarfa", bark of a tree of the family of the lauraceous ones: the cinnamon-tree. (India, Malaysia, Sri Lanka).
9. Cypéracée: "Tared soudania", rhizome very odorous. (Sudan).
10. Long pepper: "Dar felfell", fruit of the "piper longum". (India and Malaysia).
11. Nutmeg: "Gouza el bloutia", complete fruit of the muscadier. (Java, Sumatra).
12. Clove: "Oud in nouar", floral button of the giroflier (myrtacée). (Zanzibar).
13. Curcuma: "Qrçoub", rhizome of one zingibéracée coloured in yellow. (India, countries tropical).
14. Ginger: "Sknjbir", rhizome of the zingiber officinal, cultivated in the tropical countries. (Indo-China, Japan).
15. Iris: "Oud lamber", rhizome of the Iris germanica. (Atlas).
16. Black pepper: "Elbzar", fruit of the pepper plant. (tropical Asia).
17. Lavender. "Khzama", flower of the lavandula vera. (France, Morocco).
18. Rosebuds: "Rous el Word", it is the pink of Damas imported of Perse by the Arabs and cultivated in the valleys of Dades, Tadra, Ferkla.
19. Groove of China: "Dar el cini", bark of a tree of the family of the lauraceous ones. (tropical Asia).
20. Fruit of the ash: "Lissan to ettir", imported Europe like aphrodisiac.
21. Bays of belladonna: "Zbibet el laïdour", desiccated bays collected with Chichaouen, one needs very little of it.
22. Nigelle: "Habbt el soudane", seeds cultivated in Morocco.
23. "Gouza el asnab": cultivated seed balls, agglomerated.
24. White ginger: finer than the gray. (Japan).
25. Fruit of one asclépiadacée: "Hil and abachi".
26. Cubèbe: scented black pepper. (the West Indies and Borneo).
27. Pepper of the monks: "Kherouâ", bay of the gatillier, (Morocco).

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Additional Photos by Giorgio Chem (Giorgio) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1969 W: 65 N: 2099] (11279)
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