Photographer's Note

Photography played an important role in the creation of Capitol Reef as a National Park.

In 1872, Major John Wesely Powell led an U.S. Army survey party in the area of the Waterpocket Fold with nothing remarkable to report other than its unique geology. Powell would later lead the first expedition to boat through the Grand Canyon.

In the 1870s, the The Church of Jesus Christ of Later-day Saints started settling the area around the Fremont River. There was some agricultural success but never more than 10 Mormon families in the area until the 1900s.
In 1921 Ephraim Portman Pectol and Joseph Hickman started promoting the surrounding area by forming the Wayne Wonderland Club, named after the local high school, Wayne. In 1933 the Club raised a 'whopping' $150 to hire a photographer to film images of the Reef area. Pectol was elected to the U.S. Legislature and contacted President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and provided their professional photo images as proof of the worthiness of Capitol Reef as consideration for National Monument status and federal funds and protection. In 1937, President Roosevelt signed a proclamation creating Capitol Reef National Monument, setting side 37,711 acres. However the Great Depression would hinder any funds or rangers for a long time.
In 1962 paved highway Route 24 was built through the Freemont River Canyon and visitors increased substantially. In 1968 President Lyndon Johnson increased the Monument's size to 254,251 acres (1,029 km). This led to the evolution of the Monument to National Park by President Richard Nixon's approval in 1971.

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Additional Photos by Ray Anderson (photoray) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1203 W: 1 N: 3169] (13981)
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