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Athens (Athens in ancient Greek and Katharevousa) is the capital of Greece. It is also the headquarters of the region. Located in Central (Central) Greece and a robust economic, cultural and administrative center of the country. It took its name from the goddess Athena was the protector. Athens today is a modern city and famous, as in antiquity was powerful city-state and a major cultural center; considered the most historic city in Europe with Rome. It is known throughout the world for its historical monuments survived, albeit partially, over the centuries. Historic seaport city is the port of Piraeus. Patron saint of the city of Athens is St. Dionysius Areopagite.
In Ancient Greece, Athens was referring to the plural: "Athenians"; 19th century the name is returned as the official name of the city. In the 1970's the abandonment of Katharevousa name "Athens" became the official. However, frequent use remains the general plural 'Athens', particularly in writing or formal speech.
The urban complex occupies an area of ​​412,000 acres covering the basin surrounded by mountains Egaleo, Parnitha, Penteli and Hymettus. The total population is nearly 1/3 of the total population of Greece and is, according to the census of 2011, 3,074,160. Thus, each corresponding km2 7,462 inhabitants. The altitude of the city center is estimated at 90 meters from the sea level, while the morphology of the basin is relatively diverse, with hills and mountains. Rampant construction has led to the destruction of almost all the rivers of Attica, who either disappeared or irreparably polluted. Moreover, this is the major cause of floods in the city during the long rainy days.
It is a fairly urbanized city, quite accurate (it is firmly in the top ten most expensive cities in the eurozone), with beautiful small parks and pine forests in the surrounding mountains, which systematically burned during the summer months. In recent years there have been many projects reversing the problems it faces, while the metropolitan development philosophy seems to follow the development path of other famous cities worldwide. However, there remains a lack of distinctive skyscrapers, bicycle paths, pedestrian zones and major parks.

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