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Le palais des Turcs ( Fondaco dei Turchi) sur le Grand Canal, rive droite, est un édifice conçu comme maison-entrepôt d'un patricien négociant, sans doute la plus grande et la plus riche de l'époque.

S'il n'avait pas été restauré profondément et même pratiquement reconstruit au 19e siècle, il serait resté l'exemple le plus important de l'architecture civile veneto-byzantine.

Il fut construit par le riche marchand Pesaro Palmieri, et racheté par le gouvernement de la république en 1381 pour loger le marquis de Ferrare Nicola V, puis l'Empereur Jean Paleologue en 1438 et Alphonse d'Este en 1562.

En 1621, l'Etat vénitien le céda aux marchands turcs qui en firent le centre de leur importante activité commerciale.

En 1858, malheureusement une reconstruction arbitraire endommagea définitivement la beauté originelle de l'édifice. Seule la façade fut en partie préservée. Les imposantes arcades du rez-de-chaussée font penser au style roman tardif.

La magnifique loggia aux 18 arcs byzantins couvre toute la façade entre les deux tours (torresselle) ornées de patères et de blasons.

Le Fondaco dei Turchi est aujourd’hui le Musée d'histoire naturelle, de la flore et de la faune de la lagune.

FROM http://www.vivre-venise.com/le-grand-canal/-le-palais-des-turcs.html



The Fondaco dei Turchi (Venetian: Fontego dei Turchi "The Turks' Inn") is a Byzantine palazzo on the Grand Canal of Venice.

The palace was constructed in the first half of the 13th century by Giacomo Palmier, an exile from Pesaro. The Venetian Republic purchased it in 1381 for Niccolò II d'Este, the Marquess of Ferrara. During its early history, the palazzo also served as a home to many visiting dignitaries.

From the early 17th century through to 1838, the fondaco served as a one-building-ghetto for Venice's Ottoman Turkish population (thus "dei Turchi"). The fondaco then served as a combination home, warehouse, and market for the Turkish traders.

A number of restrictions were placed on the fondaco and its residents, including certain times one was able to enter and leave the ghetto, as well as on trading. Among other things, Venetian Turks imported wax, crude oil, and wool to the city.

When the Venetian Republic was conquered and abolished by Napoleon Boneparte in 1797, the Turkish traders continued to live in the palazzo until 1838.

The building was in a very bad state by the mid-19th century, and was completely restored (effectively rebuilt) between 1860 and 1880, with little regard for the original Byzantine design. For example, there were originally no towers on either side.

From 1890 to 1923, the area was home the Museo Correr collection, which was moved to the Procuratie Nuove and Ala Napoleonica museums, at the Piazza San Marco, after 1923. Today, the area houses the Museo di Storia Naturale di Venezia (Natural History Museum of Venice), with historical collections of flora and fauna, fossils, and an aquarium.

FROM http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fondaco_dei_Turchi



Pensate, nel XIII secolo era uno dei più grandi palazzi sul Canal Grande.

Nel 1381 venne acquistato dallo Stato per i duchi di Ferrara e le sue sale ampiamente decorate vennero usate per banchetti e ricevimenti di Stato. Nel 1621 i turchi vi stabilirono un magazzino "fondaco" e lo spazioso porticato venne usato per caricare le mercanzie. Quando il commercio con l'oriente venne via via diminuendo l'edificio cadde in disuso, fino a che, il grande interesse sollevato da Ruskin, gli austriaci cominciarono i lavori di ristrutturazione a metà del secolo scorso.
Dal 1924 il Fondaco ospita il Museo di Storia Naturale.


FROM http://veneziaeme.blogspot.com/2008/06/fondaco-dei-turchi.html

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