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Photographer's Note

Located on the northern edge of the Cement Works site in Portland, the kilns are an impressive reminder of Portland's early industrial heritage. Built in the early 1890's they are subject to a preservation order, though public access is not permitted at this point in time.

The Bottle Kilns are the remnants of the early cement making process and these are the first cement making kilns west of the Blue Mountains. For a detailed account of how a cement kiln works go to the wikipedia link HERE

Portland, with a population of a little over 2000, is an industrial town surrounded by beautiful countryside within the local government area of Lithgow, 167 km north-west of Sydney and 925 metres above sea level. Today the economic focus of the town is the Mt Piper Power Station and related coal mines. Wool and forestry are other major local industries. However, the first successful manufacture of cement in NSW was carried out here late in the 19th century, based on local limestone deposits, and cement production is still an aspect of the local economy . The old bottle kilns survive from those days. The present cement works opened in 1902 and Portland was declared a town in 1906.

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Additional Photos by Chris Chafer (sandpiper) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 767 W: 87 N: 1198] (6788)
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