Photographer's Note

Mission Basilica San Juan Capistrano, San Juan Capistrano

This mission was founded on July 16, 1769 by Father Junipero Serra. It was the first mission in the chain of 21 that were founded in California.

This is the fifth church on this site. The church was enlarged over the years to accommodate the growing population of neophytes, baptized American Indians.

In 1812, as the fourth church was being built, a devastating earthquake damaged and destroyed several other missions and although this mission was spared, a decision was made to add buttress wings to secure the facade. In 1976, Mission San Diego de Alcala was named a basilica.

A basilica is a church of very important historical significance. It is an honor bestowed upon a church by the Pope. Only four of the California missions are basilicas: Mission San Francisco de Asis (Dolores), Mission San Carlos Borromeo, Mission San Diego and most recently, Mission San Juan Capistrano.

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Viewed: 1941
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Additional Photos by Joseph Farace (jmfarace) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 80 W: 45 N: 78] (342)
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