Photographer's Note

This is the small town (approx. 10.000 inhabitants), where I did my military duty back in 1995/1996.

It is located around Serres town and closed to the Bulgarian border.

Here I stood on a hill, from where you have a good overview over Sindiki Province. Sidirokastro's history reaches a long way back in time. There are Palaeolithic ruins here, and references to the area are found in Homer and Herodotus. Its ancient inhabitants migrated to Sidirokastro from the island of Limnos. The area's first inhabitants were of the Sintian tribe, after which Sintiki Province is named. Sintiki is one of the provinces of the Serres Prefecture, of which Sidirokastro is the capital. A landmark in the area's history is the 1014 AD decisive battle in the course of the Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars that took place at Sintiki's Roupel (battle of Kleidion), to the north-west of Sidirokastro. The Byzantine army led by Emperor Basil II defeated the Bulgarians under the command of Emperor Samuil. Basil II blinded 14,000 Bulgarian soldiers after the battle and sent them back to Bulgaria. After this atrocious act, Basil II and went down in history as Voulgaroktonos, the "Bulgar Slayer".

On September 20, 1383, Sidirokastro was overtaken by Ottoman forces and remained under their rule for 529 years. Its name was changed to "Demir Hisar". In 1912, Sidirokastro was captured by the Bulgarians under general Georgi Todorov. The Greek army took Sidirokastro on September 21, 1918. In April 1941, after the surrender of the Roupel stronghold and the German army's invasion of Greece, the Bulgarian army recaptured Sidirokastro. The Bulgarians left in 1944 and Sidirokastro's control returned to Greece.

Have a nice day

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Atha Pana (atha2pan) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 236 W: 73 N: 506] (3811)
  • Genre: Places
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2004-08-00
  • Categories: Daily Life
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2009-05-02 4:46
Viewed: 3881
Points: 30
Additional Photos by Atha Pana (atha2pan) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 236 W: 73 N: 506] (3811)
View More Pictures