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Albrecht Dürer (May 21, 1471 Nuremberg, died. Ibid. April 6, 1528) - German painter and graphic artist, art theorist, is regarded as the greatest German Renaissance artist.


Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg) - a town in Germany. Economic and cultural capital of Franconia, the second largest city in Bavaria. 500 132 inhabitants (2005). Nearest large city: Munich about 150 km to the southeast, Stuttgart - about 156 km south-west and frankfurt - about 186 km to the northwest. Destroyed during World War II, rebuilt. This is now one of the most important places in Germany, it binds to a large extent to their history.

The first mention of the city occurred in 1050 as "nuorenberc" (rocky mountain) in a document of Emperor Henry III. Important roles for the Reich, then held the castle, through which developed the town. They quickly received a number of trade privileges. Thanks given to the Great Charter of Freedoms in 1219 by Frederick II, the town became a free city of the Reich. The contemporary Nuremberg was, together with Augsburg, one of the two largest shopping centers from Rome to northern Europe, and with Legnica and Vienna one of the largest cities in Central Europe at the beginning of the fourteenth century.

The Nuremberg until 1427 was ruled by burgrabiów until Frederick VI, who sold his office "City Council".

Cultural flourishing in the fifteenth and sixteenth century resulted in the Nuremberg became the center of the German Renaissance. In 1525 the city accepted the Reformation. During the Thirty Years' War, in 1632, Gustav II Adolf was defeated in Nuremberg, Germany by Albrecht von Wallenstein.

The city declined during the war, but regained importance in the nineteenth century, when it revived as an industrial center. At the beginning of the nineteenth century has also become bankrupt. With the command of Emperor in 1806, Nuremberg, as the Free City, was dissolved and joined Bavaria in what will undoubtedly benefit. All debts were paid. In 1835 he was here opened the first German railway line to the town of Fürth.

In the twentieth century, the city wpisało black card in the history of mankind. After the creation of the Third Reich became an important hub for the Nazis. Built a huge complex where Adolf Hitler gave his speech, standing on it, inter alia, coliseum and a square for the landing of airships. Some of these buildings can be seen today. January 2, 1945, the medieval city center was bombed by the British and Americans. As a result of these raids destroyed about 90% of old buildings. Until that time, Nuremberg was one of the best preserved medieval cities. After World War II took place at the famous Nuremberg process.

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: Tomasz Jankowiak (Tukan-T5) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 312 W: 0 N: 198] (4317)
  • Genre: Places
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2007-08-14
  • Categories: Architecture
  • Exposure: f/4.5, 1/800 seconds
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2009-12-11 8:48
Viewed: 1252
Points: 10
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Additional Photos by Tomasz Jankowiak (Tukan-T5) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 312 W: 0 N: 198] (4317)
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