Photographer's Note

One of the remaining German concrete gun emplacements built at Longues-sur-Mer as part of the Atlantic Wall and preserved for posterity.

The battery at Longues-sur-Mer was a World War II artillery battery constructed by the Wehrmacht (German armed forces). It formed a part of Germany's Atlantic Wall coastal fortifications designed to counter an Allied invasion of Europe.

The battery was completed by April 1944. Although constructed and manned initially by the Kriegsmarine (German navy), the battery was later transferred to the German army. The site consisted of four 152-mm navy guns, each protected by a large concrete casemate, a command post, shelters for personnel and ammunition, and several defensive machine-gun emplacements.

The battery at Longues was situated between the landing beaches of Omaha and Gold. On the night before the D-Day landings of 6 June 1944, the battery was subject to heavy bombing from allied air forces. The bombing was followed from 0537 hours on the morning of the landings by bombardment from the French cruiser Georges Leygues as well as the U.S. battleship Arkansas.

The battery itself opened fire at 0605 hours and fired a total of 170 shots throughout the day, forcing the flagship HMS Bulolo to retreat to safer water. Three of the four guns were eventually disabled by British cruisers Ajax and Argonaut, though a single gun continued to operate intermittently until 1900 hours that evening. The crew of the battery (184 men, half of them over 40 years old) surrendered to the 231st Infantry Brigade the following day. The heaviest damage was caused by the explosion of the ammunition for a AA gun, mounted by the British on the roof of casemate No.4, which killed several British soldiers.

Taken from an article in Wikipedea.

More details about the battery and the threat it posed to the D-Day landings can be read in an article on the Ivy House B&B web site by clicking here.

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Additional Photos by Stephen Nunney (snunney) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 10646 W: 63 N: 29872] (130967)
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