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Photographer's Note

Teotihuacán was a large settlement by 150BC, its importance probably arising from a cave system with religious significance, located underneath the present day Pyramid of the Sun. As other settlements in the area diminished, Teotihuacán flourished and became a religious and economic center, controlling the region’s production of obsidian (the black stone used to make weapons and utensils).

Between 1AD and 250AD the ceremonial core was completed, including the Pyramids of the Sun and Moon and the Calle de los Muertos. The massive pyramid structures were painted red and must have been an awe-inspiring sight. Trading relationships were established with Monte Albán in Oaxaca and the gulf coast - there is little evidence of any hostility during the years of prosperity. (You will not see any depictions of warfare or human sacrifice in the carvings and murals at Teotihuacán, unlike many contemporary cities in Mexico).

Major expansion in population and housing occurred between 250-450AD. As many as 200,000 inhabitants have been estimated and at least 2000 "houses" counted. Most of these buildings were home to large family groups or artisan communes. There were even delegations from other cities - a group of craftsmen from Monte Albán is known to have shared a workshop here. The prosperity continued to 650AD and around this time it was the sixth largest city in the world.

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Additional Photos by Fred LION (Rockyboy) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2427 W: 596 N: 3362] (20598)
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