Photographer's Note

This is the last photo of Mexico I'll post I think.
Just wanted to tell you about this beautiful place, which you'd be delighted to visit if you pass by there...

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This hacienda was part of the land that the Crown gave Cortés when it awarded him the title of Marqués del Valle. Here Cortés built the second sugar refinery to be established in New Spain, which, together with the one in Orizaba, became the most powerful one in the viceroyalty. Founded in 1542, this refinery began the development of the sugar industry in New Spain that would prove crucial to the finances of the Spanish Crown. From the outset, the hacienda had solid, spacious installations and a large aqueduct that enabled it to achieve an increasingly large volume of sugar production.

Like other haciendas of the time, a community sprang up around it with very different characteristics from those of the ancient Indian peoples. Since the Indians were unable to withstand the hard work required in the sugar refineries, the Spaniards began to introduce slaves of African origin from the Antilles that soon began to intermarry with the Indians, giving rise to a new caste in New Spain. We know that at that time, Cortés had approximately 60 blacks, including men and women, on this refinery, in addition to about 120 Indian slaves for less arduous work.

This hacienda was owned by Cortés’ heirs until the early 20th century and it has now been converted into a hotel and an area for all kinds of events.

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Additional Photos by Prisley Stan (Prisley) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 326 W: 14 N: 213] (1485)
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