Photographer's Note

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Picture of the Pico de Orizaba taken with the sun rising, at 6:30 in the morning. At this time, I was at Alzomoni (4000m), located between Popocatepetl (5426m) and Iztaccíhuatl (5286m). It was approximately a week before being at the top of Pico de Orizaba, the highest point of Mexico. What a feeling!

Pico de Orizaba
The Pico de Orizaba or Citlaltépetl (from Nahuatl citlalli = star, and tepetl = mountain), is the highest mountain in Mexico and the third highest in North America (after McKinley and Logan). It is currently dormant but not extinct; the last eruptions occurred in 1687, with previous eruptions in 1630, 1613, 1569, 1566, 1545-65? and 1537.
It overlooks the valley and city of Orizaba, from which it gets its name.
The Pico de Orizaba is ranked 7th in the world in topographical prominence; if the sea level were to rise by 714 metres it would become the high point of an insular continent stretching all the way to British Columbia. Although the Pico de Orizaba is about 110 km (75 miles) inland, to the west of the port of Veracruz, its peak is visible to ships approaching the port, and at dawn rays of sunlight strike the Pico while Veracruz still lies in shadow.
The peak is one of three volcanoes that contain permanent snow and glaciers in Mexico. The others are Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl.
A companion peak lying about six km to the southeast of the Pico de Orizaba is the Sierra Negra (on the right on the picture), at 4640m. This companion peak is lower than its 5636 m neighbor, and on its summit, serviced by the highest road in North America, is one of the world's premier astronomical instruments, the Large Millimeter Telescope.
The summit and its surrounding foothills are part of a National park. There are many routes for approaching and climbing the volcano, and many people visit it.

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Additional Photos by Simon NoName (sssimon) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 79 W: 54 N: 124] (684)
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