Photographer's Note

Here you can see the Patriarchal Great School of the Nation ("Πατριαρχική Μεγάλη του Γένους Σχολή"= "Patriarhiki Meghali tou Genous sholi" in greek), very close to Othodox Patriarchate in the district of Fener ("Φανάρι" in Greek)in Istanbul.

"The first efforts for the establishment of a Greek School in Constantinople, during ottoman occupation began in the 16th century. The Patriarchal School of Ioassaf II (1556-1565) with the help of Ioannis Zygomalas will be the forerunner of the Great School of the Nation (I Megali tou Genous Sxoli /Η Μεγάλη του Γένους Σχολή).

In 1625 the Patriarchal School opened again, under the direction of Theofilos Korydaleas, with many students. But the liberal ideas of Korydaleas were annoying and the school closed. In 1662 the school acquired permanent income, a building and remarkable teachers, among them Alexandros Mavrokordatos who bore the title Confidant.

In the middle of the 19th century the Great School began to offer great and wide services - it was almost a University in modern terms. The School graduates taught in the Greek Schools of all the regions. In 1882 during the Patriarchate of Joachim III, the Great School of the Nation was housed in a new, large building in the area of Phanar. Today it houses a middle and high school of the Greek minority.

Retrieved from ""

"Phanar Greek Orthodox College (Turkish: Özel Fener Rum Lisesi, Greek: Μεγάλη του Γένους Σχολή (Great School of the Nation)) is the oldest surviving and most prestigious Greek Orthodox school in Istanbul, Turkey.

Established in 1454 by Matheos Kamariotis, it soon became the school of the prominent Greek (Phanariotes) and Bulgarian families in the Ottoman Empire, and many Ottoman ministers as well as Wallachian and Moldavian princes appointed by the Ottoman state, such as Dimitrie Cantemir, graduated from it.

The current school building is located near the Church of St. George in Fener (Phanar), Istanbul, which is the seat of the Patriarchate. It is known among the locals with nicknames such as The Red Castle and The Red School.

Designed by the Ottoman Greek architect Dimadis, the building was constructed between 1881 and 1883 with an eclectic mix of different styles and at a cost of 17,210 Ottoman gold pounds, a huge sum for that period. Despite its function as a school, the building is often referred to as "the 5th largest castle in Europe" because of its castle-like shape. The large dome at the top of the building is used as an observatory for astronomy classes and has a large antique telescope inside. "

Istanbul-2010 Cultural Capital of Europe

Photo Information
Viewed: 4871
Points: 50
  • None
Additional Photos by Hercules Milas (Cretense) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5327 W: 74 N: 16998] (68709)
View More Pictures