Photographer's Note

The Dardanelles (Turkish: Çanakkale Boğazı, Greek: Δαρδανελλια), formerly known as the Hellespont, is a narrow strait in northwestern Turkey connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara.The strait is 61 km (38 miles) long but only 1.2 to 6 km (0.75 to 4 miles) wide, averaging 55 m (180 ft) deep with a maximum depth of 82 m (300 ft). Water flows in both directions along the strait, from the Sea of Marmara to the Aegean via a surface current and in the opposite direction via an undercurrent.
Just like the Bosporus strait, it separates Europe (in this case the Gallipoli peninsula) and the mainland of Asia. The strait is an International waterway and together with the Bosporus connect the Black Sea to the Mediterranean Sea.
The major city adjoining the strait is Çanakkale (which takes its name from its famous castles; kale means "castle"). The name Dardanelles derives from Dardanus, an ancient Greek city on the Asian shore of the strait.
The strait has long had a strategic role in history. The ancient city of Troy was located near the western entrance of the strait and the strait's Asiatic shore was the focus of the Trojan War. It was also the scene of the legendary Greek story of Hero and Leander. The Persian army of Xerxes I and later the Macedonian army of Alexander the Great crossed the Dardanelles in opposite directions to invade each other's lands, in 480 BC and 334 BC respectively. The Dardanelles were vital to the defence of Constantinople during the Byzantine period, and since the 14th century they have almost continuously been controlled by the Turks.
The Allies made a failed attempt to seize the Dardanelles during World War I, seeking to knock the Ottoman Empire out of the conflict. The Battle of Gallipoli damaged the career of Winston Churchill, the First Lord of the Admiralty who eagerly promoted the use of Royal Navy battleships to force open the straits. The straits were mined to prevent Allied ships from penetrating them, although a British submarine did succeed in evading the minefields and sank a Turkish battleship off the Golden Horn in Istanbul. Sir Ian Hamilton's Mediterranean Expeditionary Force was unsuccessful in its attempt to capture the Gallipoli peninsula, and a withdrawal was ordered in January 1916.

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: Ebru Ardil (ebruardil) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 107 W: 17 N: 85] (461)
  • Genre: Places
  • Medium: Black & White
  • Date Taken: 2006-09-29
  • Categories: Nature
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2006-10-01 16:04
Viewed: 1904
Points: 16
  • None
Additional Photos by Ebru Ardil (ebruardil) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 107 W: 17 N: 85] (461)
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