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Photographer's Note

6:00, bye bye Gökceada!

After 15 fantastic days on the island despite the frustration of being without a camera, must leave the island to return to France.

Sorry for my poor participation on the site, and wish you all a happy return.

The island is mainly inhabited by ethnic Greeks from ancient times until about the middle of the twentieth century. Data from 1922 taken under Greek domination and 1927 data taken during the Turkish rule was shown a large majority of the Greek inhabitants of Imbros, and the Greek Orthodox Church had a strong presence on the island.

Article 14 of the Treaty of Lausanne (1923) and Tenedos Imbros exempted from the exchange of large-scale population that took place between Greece and Turkey, needed to accommodate the local Greek majority and their rights:

The islands of Imbros and Tenedos, remaining under Turkish sovereignty, shall enjoy special administrative organization composed of local elements and furnishing every guarantee for the indigenous non-Muslim as the administration of local concerns and protection of persons and property. The enforcement will be carried therein by a police force recruited from the local population by the local administration above provided for and placed under his orders.

Thus, under the Turkish Republic, the islands have been largely autonomous with their own police force. This provision is guaranteed by nothing more than the faith of the treaty.

The Greek immigrants from Turkey claims numerous violations of religious rights, linguistic and economic security as issues of international interest in the Treaty, including freedom of the Orthodox religion and the right to exercise the professions. The leaders of the Greek community in Turkey has voluntarily waived those rights in 1926, but the treaty provides (Article 44) that these rights can not be changed without the consent of the majority of the Council of the League of Nations. The migrants said that signing the waiver has been obtained by police orders, and Avrilios Spatharis Apostologlou and Savvas, who refused to sign, have been jailed. The Greek Government has lodged the appeal of this action to the Council and has been confirmed, but Turkey has not complied.

In addition, the following claims particularly applicable to Imbros:

· In 1923, Turkey has dismissed the elected government of the island and the mainlanders settled. Imbriots in 1500 who had taken refuge during the Turkish War of Independence on Lemnos and Thessaloniki have been denied the right to return, as undesirables.

· In 1927, the system of local government on Imbros was removed, and the Greek schools closed. In 1952-3, the Greek Imbriots were allowed to build new, closed in 1964.

· In 1943, Turkey adopted the Metropolitan of Imbros and Tenedos with Orthodox religious. They also confiscated land belonging to Imbros on monasteries of Great Lavra on Mount Athos and Koutloumousiou, evicted tenants, and the settlers, when the mayor of Imbros and four village elders have protested, they were arrested and sent over the continent.

· Between 1964 and 1984, almost all land use on Imbros had been expropriated for inadequate compensation, for a military camp, a minimum security prison, reforestation projects, a dam project, and a national park.

· Palaiopoulos Nicholas, an alderman, was arrested and imprisoned in 1966 for complaining to the Ambassador of Greece to the latter's visit to Imbros, he, together with the mayor of Imbros and 20 others were imprisoned again in 1974.

· A crime wave has hit Imbros since 1964, the former Cathedral of Kastro (Kalekoy) has been desecrated on the night of landing Turkish Cyprus in 1974 the present cathedral was sacked in March 1993, there were a number rapes and murders, which have been officially attributed to detainees and soldiers, but none have been found.

· In July 1993, the Turkish national security has launched a program to address mainland Turks on Imbros (and Tenedos).

All these events led to the emigration of Greeks both islands. Before 1964, the population was 7,000 Greeks of Imbros and 200 officials from the Turkish mainland in 1970 the Greeks were a minority of 40% of the population, and it remains only a very small Greek community today Imbros comprising several hundred people, mostly elderly. Most of the ancient Greeks of Imbros and Tenedos are in diaspora in Greece, the United States and Australia.

Theme Gökçeada, Turquie

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Additional Photos by Valerie Leconte (Leconte) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 716 W: 58 N: 1031] (5795)
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