Photographer's Note

I have seen this same mosaic in several places, notably onsite at the ruins of Pompeii, and in the Naples Archaeology Museum in Italy. Possibly in Istanbul Museum as well. The original mosaic dates from 100 BC. What's the connection between Alexander the Great and the Phrygians? King Midas devised the Gordion Knot, which was a little like the Rubik's cube of its time.

"As the story goes, in 333 B.C. the Macedonian conqueror marched his army into the Phrygian capital of Gordium in modern day Turkey. Upon arriving in the city, he encountered an ancient wagon, its yoke tied with what one Roman historian later described as “several knots all so tightly entangled that it was impossible to see how they were fastened.”

Phrygian tradition held that the wagon had once belonged to Gordius, the father of the celebrated King Midas. An oracle had declared that any man who could unravel its elaborate knots was destined to become ruler of all of Asia." The rest is history.

Here is the entire Mosaic showing the armies of Alexander defeating those of Darius III of Persia.

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Additional Photos by Chris Jules (ChrisJ) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 16827 W: 1065 N: 36593] (167234)
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