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Sesame (sɛsəmiː/; Sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum. Numerous wild relatives occur in Africa and a smaller number in India. It is widely naturalized in tropical regions around the world and is cultivated for its edible seeds, which grow in pods.
Sesame seed is considered to be the oldest oilseed crop known to man, domesticated well over 5000 years ago. Sesame is very drought-tolerant. It has been called a survivor crop, with an ability to grow where most crops fail.[1][2]
Sesame has one of the highest oil contents of any seed. With a rich nutty flavor, it is a common ingredient in cuisines across the world.[3][4]
Sesame, like other nuts and foods, can trigger allergic reactions in some people.[5]
The world harvested about 3.84 million metric tonnes of sesame seeds in 2010. The largest producer of sesame seeds in 2010 was Burma.[6] The world's largest exporter of sesame seeds was India, and Japan the largest importer.
Sıcak iklim bitkisidir. Yurdumuzda başta G.Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi olmak üzere Akdeniz ve Ege Bölgelerinde tarımı yapılır Yağ elde edilir. Ayrıca helva yapımında kullanılır.
Bir metre boyunda, yağ veren bir yıllık otsu bir bitki. Başlıca Hindistan, Çin ve Sudan’da yetişir. Bitkinin alt yaprakları karşılıklı ve loblu, üst yapraklar tam ve mızrak şeklindedir. Çiçekler beyaz veya pembe olup, yaprakların koltuğunda salkım durumunda toplanmışlardır. Meyveleri 2-3 cm boyunda, uzun, prizmatik ve çok tohumlu bir kapsüldür.

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: efser unsal (efi) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 280 W: 46 N: 509] (5303)
  • Genre: Places
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2012-09-22
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2012-10-24 2:22
Viewed: 785
Points: 2
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