Photographer's Note

Noor Wali House in Jeddah is one of the oldest and most beautiful houses in Al Balad.
The architecture of Jeddah Old Town is quite unique.
Jeddah is home of a very old traditional of architecture proper to the Hejaz that local artesans brought to a level of a refined building art and technology.

Construction materials used in the houses of Jeddah proves the ability to exploit the surrounding environment and overseas trade. The ancient people of Jeddah used to build their homes which four main raw material:

-Coral stones extracted from the nearby reef along the Red Sea shore.
-Purified clay taken from the deep bottom of two lakes Al-Mangabi and Al-Arbaeen used to cement .material to glue coral stones. The clay is also used as water proofing for the floors and roofs and lower parts of the external coral walls, which is a technique unique to Jeddah
-Teak wood imported from neighboring areas such as Wadi Fatima or from abroad (especially from India) through the seaport
-Gypsum that can be found in the Arabian Peninsula and that is used to decorate the front doors
The building technic consisted in arranging the building stones over each other, separated by pieces of wood (Takaleel), which helped to ensure a fair distribution of the loads on the walls.

As coral stone is light and fragile it is protected from the high-level humidity and salinity in the air with thick layer of lime plaster (nora), and wooden pieces (ganadel) that absorbs cracks resulting dilatation after dying that kept the building standing for 400 years.
A Rowshan is a 60 to 90 centimeter projected wooden skeleton covered with decorative wooden panels and screens. It usually covers the entire elevation of the upper floors. This element of architecture helped the air move and spread it around the house as well as cast shade on the walls of the house to alleviate the heat. (

The streets in the old town are narrow, so it is quite difficult to take photos.

Other views of this house in two Workshops.

Larger picture

Closer view of the facade closer

Street in Old Jeddah

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Additional Photos by Malgorzata Kopczynska (emka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 13592 W: 141 N: 35225] (158784)
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