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From approximately 1,200 BC to 550 BC, the city was known as Rabbath Ammon and served as the capital of the Ammonite Kingdom during the Iron Age. "In the 3rd century BC, Ptolemy II Philadelphus, Pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt, rebuilt the city and renamed it "Philadelphia", making it a regional center of Hellenistic culture... (The Ptolemies were Greek)... Under Roman rule, Philadelphia was one of the ten Greco-Roman cities of the Decapolis before being directly ruled as part of Arabia Petraea province. The Rashidun Caliphate conquered the city from the Byzantines in the 7th century AD, restored its ancient Semitic name and called it Amman. Throughout most of the Middle Ages, the city alternated between periods of devastation and abandonment and periods of relative prosperity as the center of the Balqa region. Amman was largely abandoned from the 15th century until 1878, when Ottoman authorities began settling Circassians there." Today Amman is a city of 4,061,000 and one of the largest cities in the Middle East. Taken at the citadel and the museum there is well worth seeing for originals of the oldest known human sculptures dating back to the 8th millennium BC! The statues were found at Gazelle Springs (Ain Ghazal) about 2 km north of Amman airport.

Source Wikipedia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amman

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Additional Photos by Chris Jules (ChrisJ) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 17281 W: 1065 N: 38178] (172860)
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