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Portrait of Fat'h Ali Shah Qajar, Diamond Hall, Golestan Palace, Tehran.

Fath Ali Shah(September 1772-23 October 1834) was the second Qajar king of Persia. He ruled from 17 June 1797 to 23 October 1834.

Fat′h Ali was a son of Hossein Qoli Khan (1749-1777) and nephew of Agha Mohammad Khan He ascended to the throne of Persia after his uncle was assassinated.

Fat′h Ali's real name was Baba Khan but he was crowned as Fat′h Ali Shah. He became suspicious of his chancellor Hajji Ebrahim Khan Kalantar and ordered his execution. Kalantar had been chancellor to Zand and Qajar rulers for some fifteen years.

Much of his reign was marked by the resurgence of Persian arts and painting, as well as a deeply elaborate court culture with extremely rigid etiquette. In particular during his reign, portraiture and large-scale oil painting reached a height previously unknown under any other Islamic dynasty, largely due to his personal patronage.

Fat′h Ali also ordered the creation of much royal regalia, including a coronation chair which was also used by later kings, and the Kayanid Crown, a modification of the crown of the same name created by his uncle. This, like most of his regalia, was studded with innumerable pearls and gems. His Crown Jewels were valued at the time at a minimum of fifteen million pounds.

تصوير فتحعلی شاه قاجار، تالار الماس، كاخ گلستان، تهران

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