Photographer's Note

Underground Town of Kariz

The Kish Kariz is more than 2,500 years old, and currently it has turned into an underground town at a depth of 16 meters below the surface.
The qanat has 274 wells all over Kish and is home to numerous marine fossils some dating back 570 million years, according to German scientists' estimate.A certain type of mud called locally as 'Maren', which is said to be good for arthritis treatment, covers the qanat's walls.The whole area of the kariz is more than 10,000 square meters.

Kariz (Qanat) - which is an invention of ancient Iranians- is an underground irrigation system, different from a normal aqueduct in that the water is already there and being tapped. A qanat is constructed by tunneling into a cliff, scarp or base of a mountainous area, following a water-bearing formation.
The purpose is to bring water to the surface where it can be utilized in irrigation of agricultural areas. The water is not brought up to the surface but rather out to the surface. The tunnels are roughly horizontal, with a slope to allow water to drain out.

In this shot you can see one of the channels prepared for visitors and also a small part of its natural coral ceiling .

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Additional Photos by Atousa Taghavi (Atousa) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1105 W: 57 N: 2111] (7131)
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