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Site of the most famous royal proclamation carved by Darius I on the great cliff known as "Mountain of the Gods" which celebrates various of his victories including his defeat over Gaumata, pretender to the throne.

LONDON, November 5 (IranMania) - Nearly four months after the Bisotun ancient site was registered on UNESCO’s World Heritage List, Iran’s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (CHTO) celebrated the event at the site, MNA reported.

A number of Iranian traditional musical ensembles performed during the ceremony, which was followed by speeches by a number of Iranian cultural officials, and a special fireworks show for the approximately 20,000 guests of the program.

Members of the team working on the Bisotun dossier, including Maliheh Mehdiabadi, Asadollah Biranvand, Ramtin Moqaddam, Mojdeh Momenzadeh, Shirin Rowhani, Ali Musavi, Shokufeh Mehdiabadi, Ra’uf Safaiipur, and Badi’-Zaman Gharib, were honored by the CHTO with awards and plaques of appreciation during the ceremony.

Bisotun, an ancient Iranian site bearing bas-reliefs, inscriptions of Darius the Great, and several other monuments, was registered on UNESCO’s World Heritage List on July 13, 2006 during the 30th session of UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee in Vilnius, Lithuania.

Bisotun (also known as Bistun) is located in western Iran, 30 kilometers east of the provincial capital Kermanshah, at the foot of the Zagros Mountains.

The area was on the ancient trade route linking the Iranian plateau with Mesopotamia and contains remains from prehistoric times to the Median and Achaemenid eras.

TEHRAN, Oct. 3 (MNA) -- The beauty of the Bistun historical complex has inspired ICOMOS experts who recently visited the site to make a proposal to UNESCO to add Bistun to its World Natural Heritage list, the director of the Bistun Project announced on Monday.
Maliheh Mehdiabadi said that experts of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (CHTO) had previously submitted the dossier of the site to UNESCO to register it on the World Heritage List.

“The experts of the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) who traveled to Iran to study the dossier were also fascinated by it,” she added.

However, she expressed concern about the plan to establish the Taq-e Bostan aerial cable cabin in Kermanshah Province, which may ruin Bistun’s chance of being registered on the UNESCO world heritage list.

Located 30 kilometers east of the provincial capital city of Kermanshah, Bistun contains a number of unique ancient sites from the Median, Achaemenid, Parthian, Seleucid, and Sassanid eras.

The Bistun Inscription, probably the most important monument of the site, is a trilingual statement of Darius I in Old Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian. The inscription, which is approximately 15 meters in height and 25 meters in width, is located on a relatively inaccessible cliff 100 meters above an ancient road connecting the capitals of Babylonia and Media, Babylon and Ecbatana. However, the site can easily be viewed from below.

LONDON, (CAIS) -- Studies conducted by the executive committee of Bistun (Behiston, Baghestān) world heritage site revealed the existence of several rivulets flowing in the horizontal cracks of the Darius the Great' inscription, which is posing serious threats to this heritage site, reported by Cultural Heritage News Agency (CHN) on Monday.

This is while Iran’s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO) has not yet considered any budget to protect these cultural heritages. Experts have repeatedly warned that negligence toward the Bistun would result in destruction of this 2500-year-old historical site.

Darius the Great’ inscription is only one of few inscriptions carved on this mountain. It marks the birth of the Aryan (Old-Persian) script and is one of the most invaluable cultural evidences of the Achaemenid dynastic period (550–330 BCE).

According to Abdolazim Shahkarami, geophysicist and member of Bistun’s executive committee, penetration of water into the horizontal cracks in the inscription has caused serious damages to this world heritage site. “Restoring the cracks to prevent the leaking of water, and scraping and restoring the stone slab that is located on top of the inscription to prevent the flow of water and flow onto the inscription are among the most important measures which must be taken as soon as possible to save the inscription of Bistun. We are still waiting for the budget to start the salvation project of Bistun’s inscription,” said Shahkarami.

Shahkarami emphasized that restoring the stone slab which was placed above the inscription to protect it from water erosion is the first priority in saving the Bistun inscription since this stone itself is being damaged and needs to be repaired.

According to Maliheh Mehdiabadi, director of Bistun grand project, the request for allocation of budget to restoration works on Bistun was submitted to ICHTO more than two months ago; however, the Organization has not responded to this request yet.

Located 30 kilometers northeast of Kermanshah, the historical site of Bistun consists of numerous valuable historical remains such as the Median Temple, Darius the inscription, post-Achaemenid statue of Hercules, and number of Sasanian monuments. It is considered a unique historical site in the world. The most important features of the complex are its Babylonian and Elamite cuneiforms.

Last July, Bistun was registered in the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites based on a decision made by the World Heritage Committee on its 30th session, held in Lithuania. Bistun is the 8th Persian heritage inscribed in UNESCO’s list.

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