Photographer's Note

Qeshm Island is famous for its wide range of Eco-tourist attractions such as the Hara marine forests. According to environmentalists, about 1.5% of the world birds and 25% of Iran's native birds annually migrate to Hara forests which is the first national geo park in Iran. The Hara forest on Qeshm and the opposite mainland covers an area of approximately 20 km by 20 km, with many tidal channels.

The Hara tree, Avicennia marina, grows to heights of three to eight meters and has bright green leaves and twigs. The tree is a salt-water plant that is often submerged at high tide. It usually blossoms and bears fruit from mid-July to August, with yellow flowers and a sweet almond-like fruit. The seeds fall into the water, where wave action takes them to more stationary parts of the sea. The Hara seeds become fixed in the soil layers of the sea and grow. The area on the north shore of Qeshm and the neighboring mainland is particularly suited to the growth of the plant, and large mangrove forests have developed.

The long, narrow, oval leaves of the tree have nutritious value for livestock roughly equivalent to barley and alfalfa. The roots of the tree are aerial, sponge-like and usually external ( lots of them are seen in the FG of the shot ). There is a filtration property in the Hara tree's bark which allows the plant to absorb sweet water while salt is eliminated.

The area is a major habitat for migratory birds in the cold season, and for reptiles, fish, and varieties of arthropoda and bivalves. Green (or hooked) turtles and venomous aquatic snakes are also indigenous to the forests. Bird life includes herons, flamingos, pelicans, and angler eagles. Another important feature of these forests is the appropriate and suitable seabed conditions for the ovulation of fish in the Persian Gulf.

Hara forests are also seen in some other places in south of Iran too; places like Chabahar, Jaask and Naayband coasts.

Another view is available in the WS.

My earlier shots of the Qeshm Island: 1 , 2

FL: 24mm
ISO: 200

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Additional Photos by Atousa Taghavi (Atousa) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1105 W: 57 N: 2111] (7131)
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