Photographer's Note

This bronze equestrian statue of Richard I brandishing his sword by Carlo Marochetti stands outside the Palace of Westminster in London.

Henry's elder son, Richard I (reigned 1189-99), fulfilled his main ambition by going on crusade in 1190, leaving the ruling of England to others.
After his victories over Saladin at the siege of Acre and the battles of Arsuf and Jaffa, concluded by the treaty of Jaffa (1192), Richard was returning from the Holy Land when he was captured in Austria. In early 1193, Richard was transferred to Emperor Henry VI's custody.
In Richard's absence, King Philip of France failed to obtain Richard's French possessions through invasion or negotiation.
In England, Richard's brother John occupied Windsor Castle and prepared an invasion of England by Flemish mercenaries, accompanied by armed uprisings. Their mother, Queen Eleanor, took firm action against John by strengthening garrisons and again exacting oaths of allegiance to the king.
John's subversive activities were ended by the payment of a crushing ransom of 150,000 marks of silver to the emperor, for Richard's release in 1194. Warned by Philip's famous message 'look to yourself, the devil is loosed', John fled to the French court.
On his return to England, Richard was recrowned at Winchester in 1194. Five years later he died in France during a minor siege against a rebellious baron. By the time of his death, Richard had recovered all his lands.

Baron Carlo (Charles) Marochetti (1805-1867) was a sculptor, born in Turin, but raised in Paris as a French citizen. His first systematic instruction being given him by François Joseph Bosio and Gros in Paris. Here his statue of A Young Girl playing with a Dog won a medal in 1829. But between 1822 and 1830 he studied chiefly in Rome. From 1832 to 1848 he lived in France. His Fallen Angel was exhibited in 1831.
He made one panel for the Arc de Triomphe, but followed French king Louis-Philippe into exile in the United Kingdom after the fall of the July monarchy in the 1848. he lived in London for the greater part of his time till his death in 1867. Among his chief works were statues of Queen Victoria, Lord Clyde (the obelisk in Waterloo Place), Richard the Lionheart which was displayed in the Great Exhibition and a bronze copy made in 1860 to be displayed in front of the House of Lords, where it remains in the 21st century. He also created the tomb for Queen Victoria and Prince Albert at Frogmore House, Emmanuel Philibert (1833, Turin), the tomb of Bellini (Pre-la-Chaise), and the altar in the Church of the Madeleine. His style was vigorous and effective, but rather popular than artistic. Marochetti, who was created a baron by the King of Sardinia, was also a chevalier of the Legion of Honour.

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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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