Photographer's Note

In Yalta.
Warmed by the sun, lapped by the gentle waves of the Black Sea and sheltered from northern winds by the Ai Petri, Yalta is full of charms and attractions. Picturesque landscapes, unique natural, historical and architectural monuments give Yalta an undeniable character all its own. There are here beautiful summer palaces of Russia’s last royal family and their surrounding gardens and wineries where world-class dessert wines are produced.
Not far off, Livadia Palace is the city’s most famous landmark, the place where Winston Churchill, Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin convened the Yalta conference in 1945 to decide the fate of post-war Europe.

All three leaders were trying to establish an agenda for governing post-war Germany. Premier Stalin, insisting that his doctors opposed any long trips, rejected Roosevelt's suggestion to meet on the Mediterranean. He offered, instead, to meet in the Crimea. Each leader had an agenda for the Yalta Conference: Roosevelt asked for Soviet support in the U.S. Pacific War against Japan, specifically invading Japan; Churchill pressed for free elections and democratic governments in Eastern and Central Europe (specifically Poland); and Stalin demanded a Soviet sphere of political influence in Eastern and Central Europe, an essential to the USSR's national security strategy.
There was an agreement that the priority would be the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany. After the war, Germany and Berlin would be split into four occupied zones. The Polish eastern border would follow the Curzon Line, and Poland would receive territorial compensation in the West from Germany.
Churchill alone pushed for free elections in Poland. The British leader pointed out that UK "could never be content with any solution that did not leave Poland a free and independent state". Stalin pledged to permit free elections in Poland, but forestalled ever honoring his promise.

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Additional Photos by Malgorzata Kopczynska (emka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 9378 W: 143 N: 23592] (117003)
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