Photographer's Note

The monument to King Alfonso XII of Spain is a sculpture located in the Jardines del Retiro, Madrid.

In 1902, convened a national competition to build a monument to King Alfonso XII, the initiative of the queen mother, Dona Maria Cristina. The winner was the architect José Grases Riera with a grand project in one of the sides of the Pond Retreat consists of a large veranda with a great number of sculptures that surround the statue of King, on one side of the pond. This bronze and marble. When he died, was replaced in the direction of Theodore Anasagasti not made changes. The monument, funded by public subscription, was opened on June 6th, 1922.

The whole unit measures 30 feet high, 86 meters long and 58 meters wide, and participated in its development over twenty sculptors. It was the first commemorative statue of that during the past century were populating the garden: works like Benlliure, Clara and Mateo Inurria among others.

First we see the statue of the king, cast in bronze by Mariano Benlliure in 1904. In the central base, "La Paz" in Blay, "La Libertad" of Marine and 'Progress' in Trilles. At the base three reliefs in bronze. Moving around the central monument steps towards the pond with four carved stone lions and Lake Vallmitjana. Under their pedestals, bronze, four sirens work Parera, Atché, Coll and Alsina. There are also two lions with cherubs on each side access to the chamber works of Francisco Javier Escudero Lozano, Bofill, Arnau and Campmany. On either side of central access in the colonnade, "The Army" of Montserrat and "La Marina" Matthew Inurrria. On the inside, facing the lake are represented in bronze, "The Science" of Fuxa, "Agriculture" of Alcoverro, "The Arts" in Bilbao and 'The Industry' Clare. The ornamentation of friezes and central base was made by Estany.

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Additional Photos by Manuel Mayorga (ManuMay) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2467 W: 253 N: 4601] (36447)
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