Photographer's Note

Arched gallery in the Royal Palace of Madrid.

The site of the palace dates from a 10th-century fortress, streets mayrit, constructs as an outpost by Mohammed I, Emir of Córdoba and inherited after-1036 by the independent Moorish Taifa of Toledo. After Madrid Fell to Alfonso VI of Castile in 1085, the edifice Was Only Rarely Used by the kings of Castile. In 1329, King Alfonso XI of Castile convoked the courts of Madrid for the first time. Philip II historical court Moved to Madrid in 1561.

The Antiguo Alcázar ("Old Castle") Was built on the location in the 16th century. It burned on December 24, 1734, King Philip V ordered a new palace built on the same location. Construction spanned the years 1738 to 1755 [1] and Follow a design by Filippo Juvarra Berniniesque and Giovanni Battista Tiepolo in Cooperation with Ventura Rodríguez, Francesco Sabatini, and Martín Sarmiento. The new palace, directly Facing the cathedral across the Plaza de Armas, Was Occupied by Charles III in 1764.

The vast palace is richly decorated by artists Such as Velázquez, Tiepolo, Mengs, Gasparini, Juan de Flanders, Caravaggio, and Goya. Several royal collections of great historical Importance are Kept at the palace, Including the Royal Armoury and Weapons dating back to the 13th century, and the world's only complete Stradivarius string quintet, as well as collections of tapestry, porcelain, furniture, and Other Objects of great historical importance.

Below the palace, to the west, are the gardens of the Campo del Moro That Were Given this name due to the Fact That here in the year 1109, Muslim leader Yusuf Ben Ali, With his men encamped in the Attempt to recapture Madrid and Its Alcázar (fortress) from the Christians. The east façade of the palace Gives onto the Plaza de Oriente and the Teatro Real opera house. To the south is a vast square, the Plaza of Armas, Surrounded by narrow wings of the palace, and to the south of That Is Located the Almudena Cathedral. To the north are the Jardines de Sabatini (Sabatini Gardens), named after-one of the architects of the palace.

On the Plaza de Armas facade, two life-size statues on Both Sides of the main entrance honor the two Emperors native from the Americas, Montezuma, Emperor of the Aztecs, and Atahualpa, Emperor of the Incas.

The wedding banquet of Prince Felipe and Letizia Ortiz took place on 22 May 2004 at the central courtyard of the Palace.

The palace is open to the public and it is closed by the king When Used Functions like state for state banquets for visiting heads of state, Government official receptions and the presentation of new Ambassadors to the king.

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Additional Photos by Manuel Mayorga (ManuMay) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2467 W: 253 N: 4601] (36447)
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