Photographer's Note

Avila's Wall is a fence surrounding the military Romanesque old city of Avila, of the eponymous province, the autonomous community of Castilla y Leon, Spain.

At present, the old city, the walls and churches are located outside the designated World Heritage Site.

The walls are a very important asset in shaping the urban development of the city and historically have been involved in the distribution of urban space among different social groups who have inhabited Avila. The wall represents the separation between the "wild space" and "civilized". The field, flat land, the peasants who lived was the lowest social class that kept the city. On the peasantry rested for 80% of the costs of urban infrastructure, including the maintenance of which the wall will receive the name of the repair of the walls. According to tradition the direction of the construction of the wall fell on the two masters of geometry, the Roman and French Cassandras of Piruenga guilder. The study notes that the defensive structure is a building akin, in its morphology and poliorcetíca (art of building walls and castles) to the walls of Andalusi area.

The military nature of the wall is essentially defensive and remained even with the reforms carried out in the fourteenth century that reinforced.

It is owned by the Spanish State and is managed by the city of Avila. Some portions, which coincide with some buildings such as palaces and churches (including the cathedral) are private.

The wall has a perimeter of 2516 meters, 2,500 battlements, turrets, or 88 cubes and 9 doors. It occupies an area of 33 hectares and forms a rectangle oriented east to west. Its walls are 3 m. thick and 12 high. For its route took advantage of the terrain and the slopes are not built or embankments or buttresses

There is a sally port, blinded in the area of the Alcazar (now vanished). There is also a berth blinded in the area covering the walls of the palace Davila, known as the Bishop Portillo linking the cathedral with the neighborhood where they live and clerics closed in 1518 by a series of scandals and riots. 9 doors of the above, the two most impressive by their defenses are the Alcazar and San Vicente. Both are located in this canvas, on flat land, and because of the area more accessible and therefore more exposed to attack is the best fortified compound.

To reuse construction materials from the Roman necropolis, as well as civilian buildings of the old Roman walls and Visigoth. The stone is gray granite and black, depending on the origin of it. It was also used brick, mortar, lime.

Although from the same Roman conquest of the city there is a wall or fence, the current wall dates from the second half of the twelfth century. This chronology is based on their morphology and in different documents. The Roman wall should be less of a perimeter, this is based on that Walls of Leon had a prímetro 1,700 m and there was more that imprtante Avila. Anyway Rodriguez Almeida showed, among other things, the existence of two sections of the original Roman wall primitive, embedded in the body of the wall built during the Middle Ages in the Arco de San Vicente.

This is the best preserved city wall in full in Europe and the largest after the Great Wall of China. It is also the monument completely illuminated world's largest.

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Additional Photos by Manuel Mayorga (ManuMay) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2467 W: 253 N: 4601] (36447)
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