Photographer's Note

Foggy morning, the roundabout in front of the Imperial Palace* in Sremska Mitrovica. In the foreground is a monument to Mangulitsa** and Pulin*** (you can only see the tail)

*The palace-circus architectural complex is one of the most important archaeological discoveries in Sremska Mitrovica. It was built at the end of the third or beginning of the fourth century in the southeast, elite section of the city, along the Sava river. A new city defensive wall protected this part of the city.

**Swallow-bellied Mangulitsa (Srem Black Lasa) - The breed of swallow-bellied mangulitsa was grown in the south of Hungary and Croatia by mixing blond mangulitsa and Srem pig. The back and the sides are covered with black hair and the lower part of the body, the belly, the internal parts of legs and the end of the snout are yellow or silver-grey.

*** One of the oldest breeds in the world, the Pulin has existed in the Balkans since ancient times and remained unchanged for at least 2000 years, although some fanciers believe it to be even older. A number of theories about the breed's origin exist, from it being a variety of Russian Laikas to it belonging in the Alopekis group of Greek dogs. Some trace its ancestry to the spitz dogs and black wolves of Asia, while others claim that its roots are firmly tied to the Balkans, especially the Pannonian plains, as evidenced by many archaelogical findings and old folklore references to the Pulin in the region. The Voivodina Pulin is the ancestor of many similar breeds of Europe, with the Hungarian Mudi and Croatian Sheepdog being its direct descendants, while various other breeds were shaped by introducing this remarkable working dog into their bloodlines, such as some strains of Austrian and German herders, as well as other small sheepdogs of Europe. Initially a distinct variety of the original Pannonian Herder population, the Pulin has existed in its pure form since the early 9th century, when its versatility, intelligence and resilience made it a herding, hunting and watchdog breed of choice for many Serbs, but also other ethnic groups of the region, with the largest population of these dogs traditionally being found in the territories presently divided between Serbia, Hungary, Romania and Slavonia, now the eastern part of modern Croatia.

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Additional Photos by Aleksandar Dekanski (dekanski) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 309 W: 126 N: 883] (6361)
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