Photographer's Note

Avala is a mountain located 16 kilometres south of Belgrade.
With a height of 511 meters it barely escaped being called a hill. The mineral avalite was named after Avala, where it was found. Its protected natural environment is home to approximately 600 plant species.
Avala is the location of the Monument to the Unknown Hero. The countries that took part in World War I have Monuments to the Unknown Soldier, but only Serbia has one for the Unknown Hero. The local population found the grave of an unknown Serbian soldier after World War I. The people of the surrounding villages erected a modest monument to that soldier in 1922. The State Council for Erecting Monuments to the Unknown Hero later decided to construct a more representative monument on top of Avala. The monument was built between 1934 and 1938. Dynamite was used to destroy the last remains of the medieval town of Zrnov in 1934, to make room for this monument. Part of the monument is visible on this photo (top on the left side).
A tower was built on the lower peak of Avala in 1965, constructed according to the designs of the architects Uglješa Bogdanović and Slobodan Јanjić. The tower was the tallest structure in the former Yugoslavia and the Balkans. It was destroyed during the NATO bombing campaign of 1999. Through the initiative of a large number of citizens and the RTS the construction of an identical tower was initiated, using modern technologies. The Tower of Avala was reopened for visitors and tourists on April 21, 2010. It provides a beautiful view of Belgrade and Šumadija.
The Monument to the Russian War Veterans is located somewhat below the Monument to the Unknown Hero; it was dedicated to the Russian veterans who died tragically in the crash of the Russian airplane in 1964.

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Additional Photos by Aleksandar Dekanski (dekanski) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 309 W: 126 N: 866] (6331)
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