Photographer's Note

The Palácio Nacional de Queluz was the royal residence of two generations of monarchs. It was built at the instigation of King Pedro III (1717-1786), to whom the Quinta de Queluz belonged, when he was the third Lord of the House of the Infantado, created in 1654 by a warrant from King João IV for the second sons of the kings of Portugal. This estate comprised all the property confiscated from the supporters of the Filipes after the Restoration and on the accession of the Duke of Bragança (1640) to the throne it included the estates of Manuel de Moura Côrte-Real (1592-1652), 2nd Marquis of Castelo Rodrigo, owner of the country estate of Queluz.
Dom Cistóvão de Moura, 1st Marquis the Castelo Rodrigo, 17th centuryThus it came to be bestowed upon the Infante Pedro, the future King Pedro II (1648-1706), who is believed to have used it as his summer residence. His son and the second Lord of the House of the Infantado, Infante Francisco (1691-1742), became responsible for the work of extending the building and bringing water in to the property, including the construction of the aqueduct which still exists today.
However it was to be King Pedro III (1717¬1786) - the last of the sons of King João V (1689-1750) and his Queen, Mariana of Áustria (1683-1754), and Grand Prior of Crato - who, between 1747 and 1786, would instigate a concerted campaign of works, extending the so-called 'Paço Velho' (old palace) and imbuing it, as the years went by, with the stature of a royal palace. A determining factor in this project was the then Dom Pedro's marriage in 1760 to his niece and the heir to the throne, Princess Maria, which brought him the title of King Pedro III because the couple had already produced sons when she acceded to the throne. Unfamiliar with the politics and intrigues of the Court, but having elegant tastes and habits and being the owner of a considerable fortune, King Pedro devoted his personal and constant attention to Queluz, something which ended only when he died.

The Gardens of the Palácio Nacional de Queluz have always retained the character of a summer retreat, which is what Queluz was originally intended to be, far from the routine and protocol of the Court, and from the very beginning they were most carefully tended since they constitute a natural extension of the rooms of the Palace. The Royal Quinta de Queluz initially comprised a set of properties that were gradually acquired by King Pedro III and King João VI, but today these have been reduced to the land immediately surrounding the Palace, comprising about 15 hectares distributed between the upper gardens and the parkland.
Designed by Robillion, on the lines of French geometrical models, the gardens laid out at Queluz offer us two upper gardens – The Malta Garden and the Hanging Garden - separated one from the other and from the remainder of the park by a balustrade.
Profusely decorated with lakes (Neptune Lake and the Lake of Amphitrite), stone sculptures (sphinxes and putti) and lead sculptures (Vertumno and Pomona, Meleagre and Atlante) most of them from Italy and England respectively, the gardens and the park provides a mythological route of discovery which abounds with gods and heroes of classical antiquity and with numerous allegorical figures. Many of the statues were painted in bright colours or partially gilded.
The gardens of the Palace were a privileged place of leisure and the scene for the many parties and pastimes of the Royal Family who attended firework displays, bullfights and equestrian diversions, at the Tiled Canal the Royal Family sailed in small boats on summer evenings. Today the gardens still preserve much of their former charm and beauty.

Nikon D40X
2010/11/07 14:09:37.8
Compressed RAW (12-bit)
Image Size: Large (3872 x 2592)
Lens: 10-24mm F/3.5-4.5 G
Focal Length: 10mm
Exposure Mode: Manual
Metering Mode: Spot
1/400 sec - F/8
Exposure Comp.: +0.3 EV
Sensitivity: ISO 100
Optimize Image: Custom
White Balance: Auto
AF Mode: AF-C
Color Mode: Mode IIIa (sRGB)
Tone Comp.: More Contrast
Hue Adjustment: +3°
Saturation: Enhanced
Sharpening: Medium high
Long Exposure NR: Off
VR Control: Off
High ISO NR: Off

Reserved copyrights: The present photograph is intellectual workmanship protected by law 9610/98 being forbidden to the reproduction for any way without the previous authorization in writing it author. Please contact Gonçalo Lopes

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Additional Photos by Goncalo Lopes (Bluejeans) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 9250 W: 115 N: 13285] (64251)
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