Photographer's Note

In one of my uploads long time ago I have mentioned that there is a proverb praising the friendship between Poles and Hungarians. My hometown Tarnów is a particular place where this friendship is celebrated. It is because Polish general Józef Bem who fought also for Hungarian independence was born here. The other upload presented the beautiful mausoleum of the general in my hometown.

On May 26th 2001, at the 170th anniversary of the Battle of Ostrołęka, where general Józef Bem was involved, Tarnów has received a unique gift from the Hungarian foundation Irott Szó and Sepsiszentgyőrgy city: the Seklerska Gate. (Polish: Brama Seklerska, Hungarian: Székelykapu). It is located at the Petöfi Square. Sandor Petöfi was Hungarian poet and gerenal Bem’s adjutant and he has a square named after him as well as a monument in Tarnów (it is visible further behind the gate). If you have a closer look at the gate’s carvings, on the right side you can find symbols of Poland and Hungary. On the left side there are fragments of the poem by Sandor Petöfi.
Why Székely Gate? During the Hungarian Revolution 1848 general Bem was entrusted with the defence of Transylvania and in 1849, as General of the Székely troops, he performed miracles with his little army.

More photos of the Székely gates on Google Images.
More info about the Székely gates only in Hungarian or in Serbian.

Székelys or Székely or Szeklers, are a subgroup of the Hungarian people living mostly in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania, Romania. A significant population descending from the Székelys of Bukovina lives in Tolna and Baranya counties in Hungary and in certain districts of Vojvodina, Serbia.

Symbols of stars and moon can be also seen on the gate. Sun and crescent moon are the symbols of the Székely, and are used in the coat of arms of Transylvania and on the Romanian national coat of arms. The Sun and Moon symbols represented proto-Hungarian gods. Surprisingly, the coat of arms which is used by my hometown includes the yellow crescent moon and star above it on the blue background, it is called Leliwa and it was first mentioned in 1324.

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Additional Photos by Mariusz Kamionka (mkamionka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6676 W: 105 N: 17456] (67680)
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