Photographer's Note

Old windmill is a post mill (koźlak) and its history dates back to 1603. This date can be seen on a beam on which the construction moves around. Thanks to that date we are able to confirm that it is one of the oldest working mills in Poland. Over the course of the years, and consequently wear and tear, other elements have been replaced. Beams from the trestle's support come from 1733 and the wallower is dated for 1744. In 1857 the upright shaft was strengthened and in 1902 the windmill was moved from Sława Śląska to Wroniawy, where it was equipped with new millstones from a famous stonemason's workshop in Nowa Sól. Two years later it was handed over to the Przybecki family, which owned it until 1979. Subsequently it was bought by the Regional Museum in Wolsztyn and in 1998, already on the open-air ethnographic museum's premises, it regained its previous efficiency with the help of the last owner and professionalism of carpenters from Nowy Targ.

A windmill is basically such a sophisticated construction that all attempts to present it should be abandoned. On the other side, it seems to be so interesting that it is hard not to say something about it. Windmills contain in one unit both a fixed part as well as a rotating one. The methods of rotating towards a wind are the main criteria of the windmills' classification. We can identify 3 types: a post mill (koźlak) - the whole buck of the mill mounted on a single fixed vertical post revolves; a tower mill (koźle, wieżowiec also holender) - only the timber cap mounted on a fixed cylindrical tower revolves and a paltrok mill - the whole building rotates on circular rails.

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Additional Photos by Malgorzata Kopczynska (emka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 13121 W: 141 N: 33977] (154584)
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