Photographer's Note

Warsaw's Castle Square is a square before the Royal Castle in Warsaw, Poland.

On the square is a column of King Sigismund III Vasa from 1644, the oldest and symbolic monument of the city (a work of Clemente Molli). On the east side of square stands reconstructed after the devastation of World War II, the Royal Castle, the residence of the dukes of Mazovia, and then Polish kings and grand dukes of Lithuania from the 16th to 18th century, bombed and blown up by the Nazis during World War II. In 1949 the square was connected to the escalator with newly formed Route W-Z. Runs under the Castle Square tunnel and the viaduct (leading to the Silesian-Dąbrowski Bridge), was built in the place of viaduct Pancer, destroyed during World War II. In 1907 the viaduct was modernized to handle electric trams that went there less than a year later.

This square was the scene of many dramatic scenes from Polish history. There were patriotic demonstrations here, the period before the outbreak of the January Uprising. On February 27, 1861 from Russian bullets fell five dead. On April 8, 1861 five rota infantry and two troop of Russian cavalry (about 1,300 people) led by General Stiepan Aleksandrowicz Chrulew brought a bloody massacre of the civilian population of Warsaw, resulting in more than 100 people were killed.

During martial law square was the scene of particularly brutal riot ZOMO rushing through demonstrations on May 3, 1982. [wikipedia]

This is panoramic view merged from 4 single pictures.

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