Photographer's Note


Grand Harbour and Valletta

Malta is a small and densely populated island nation comprising an archipelago of seven islands in the Mediterranean Sea. A country of Southern Europe, Malta
lies south of Sicily, east of Tunisia, and north of Libya. It has been a member state of the European Union (EU) since 2004 and it is currently the smallest EU country in both population and area.
The foundation stone of Valletta was laid by the Grandmaster of the Order of Saint John, Jean Parisot de la Valette, on 28 March 1566; The Order (which was
the long-time ruler of the city and the island)decided to found a new city on the Xiberras peninsula just after the end of the Siege of Malta in 1565, so as
to fortify the Order's position in Malta, effectively binding the Knights to the island. The city was designed by Francesco Laparelli, while many of the
most important buildings were built by Gerolamo Cassar. Valletta, hence, is an urban area which boasts many buildings from the 16th century and onwards, but
most of them were built during the time of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem (the Knights Hospitaller, or Knights of Malta).

After the Knights and the brief French interlude, the next building boom in Valletta occurred during the British rule. Gates were widened, buildings demolished and rebuilt, houses widened and civic projects installed; however, the whole city and its infrastructure were damaged by air raids in World War
II, notably losing its majestic opera houseconstructed at the city entrance in the 19th century.

In the background, at left, the St Elmo Lighthouse and the Fort St Elmo. At right, the Ricasoli Point in the entrance to Grand Harbour.

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Additional Photos by Leonor Kuhn (leonorkuhn) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3173 W: 205 N: 3259] (16237)
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