Photographer's Note

The Baltic nation of Lithuania (Lietuva) was the last country to be incorporated into the former Soviet Union, the one with more resistance against the Soviet rule (with guerrillas lasting for decades), and it was the first to proclaim the restitution of independence (in 1990). But the USSR didn't allow a bloodless secession.
During the Sausio įvykiai, or January Events (Jan. 11-13, 1991), the Soviet Army seized several public buildings in Vilnius and other cities. The Vilnius TV tower (Vilniaus televizijos bokštas) was surrounded by Soviet soldiers and tanks, firing against the civilian crowds. The tanks were driven straight through lines of people. The action resulted in the massacre of 14 unarmed civilians and some 700 people were injured. A Soviet soldier died from a ricochet bullet shot by a fellow soldier.
Iceland was the first country to recognize Lithuania independence, on February 4, 1991. Russia did so in September of 1991. The last ex-Soviet troops left Lithuania on August 31, 1993.
This picture is a scanning of a 1995 photo paper print, pp to b&w. It shows the tower and some crosses honoring the victims*. The workshops show the inside with exhibitions about the events, including remains of the barricades.

* Victims: Loreta Asanavičiūtė (the only woman), Virginijus Druskis, Darius Gerbutavičius, Rolandas Jankauskas, Rimantas Juknevičius, Alvydas Kanapinskas, Algimantas Petras Kavoliukas, Vytautas Koncevičius, Vidas Maciulevičius, Titas Masiulis, Alvydas Matulka, Apolinaras Juozas Povilaitis, Ignas Šimulionis, Vytautas Vaitkus, and Viktor Viktorovich Shatskikh (the Russian soldier).
See other photos under the my theme Lithuanian History - Lietuvos istorija.

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Additional Photos by Francisco Santos (xuaxo) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4896 W: 319 N: 4862] (6854)
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