Photographer's Note

Tramonto dietro l'isola di Mothia.
Le saline e la riserva delle “isole dello stagnone” sono situate in una vasta laguna di 2000 ettari, comprendente San Pantaleo (l’antica Mozia), la Scuola, Santa Maria e l’isola Grande.
L’isola di Mothia, antica colonia fenicia dell’ VIII secolo a.C., fu un florido centro commerciale di collegamento verso le rotte della Spagna e dell’Italia centrale, diviene per la sua la felice posizione geografica, al centro del Mediterraneo oggetto di interesse di Greci e Cartaginesi in lotta per il predominio della Sicilia, che la vedono coinvolta e definitivamente distrutta nel 397 a.C. quando Dionisio il Vecchio, tiranno di Siracusa, la conquista costringendo gli abitanti a fuggire dall’isola e a ripiegare nella vicina Lylibeo.

Sunset behind the island of Motya.
The site of Motya, on which earlier geographers were in much doubt, has been clearly identified and described by William Henry Smyth. Between the promontory of Lilybaeum (Capo Boéo) and that of Aegithallus (San Teodoro), the coast forms a deep bight, in front of which lies a long group of low rocky islets, called the Stagnone. Within these, and considerably nearer to the mainland, lies the small island formerly called San Pantaleo, on which the remains of an ancient city may still be distinctly traced. Fragments of the walls,, with those of two gateways, still exist, and coins as well as pieces of ancient brick and pottery – the never failing indications of an ancient site – were found scattered throughout the island. The circuit of the latter does not exceed 2.5 km, and it is inhabited only by a few fishermen; but is not devoid of fertility. The confined space on which the city was built agrees with the description of Diodorus that the houses were lofty and of solid construction, with narrow streets (στενωποί) between them, which facilitated the desperate defence of the inhabitants.

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Additional Photos by Ludo Catti (polpo56) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1435 W: 84 N: 2116] (15146)
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