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The citadel of Civita di Bagnoregio is located on top of a hill, almost like an island of red tufa stone in the sea of white clay badlands. and it offers him an incomparable spectacle to the observer from the vantage points of Bagnoregio.rnCivita was founded 2500 years ago by the Etruscans. It stands on one of the oldest streets of Italy, joining the Tiber (then great way to central Italy navigation) and Lake Bolsena.rnThe ancient village of Civita was accessed through five doors, but now that the door of Santa Maria or the Quarry, it is the main one, also can be accessed from the valley of the badlands in Civita through a charming tunnel dug into the rock. The urban structure of the entire town is of Etruscan origin, made up of thistles and decumani use according to the Etruscan and Roman, while the entire architectural coating is medieval and renaissance. There are numerous testimonies of the Etruscan phase of Civita, especially in that of St. Francis old patch; In fact in the underlying rock the viewpoint of St. Francis old was found a small Etruscan necropolis. Even St. Bonaventure cave, where it is said that St. Francis healed the little Giovanni Fidanza, who later became St. Bonaventure, is actually an Etruscan chamber tomb. The Etruscans made of Civita (of which we know not the old name) a thriving city favored by its strategic location for business, thanks to its proximity to the most important streets in the time communication.rnThe Etruscan period there remain many testimonials: of particular interest is the so-called "Bucaione", a deep tunnel that affects the lower part of the settlement, and allows access directly from the village, at the Valley of the Badlands. In the past they were also visible many chamber tombs excavated at the base of the cliff of Civita and other neighboring tuff walls that unfortunately were largely swallowed up over the centuries, from the many landslides. Moreover, when the same Etruscans had to cope with the problems of seismicity of the area and instability, which in 280 BC it was a telluric shock. Upon arrival of the Romans in 265 BC, he was filming the imposing works of channeling stormwater and containment of streams initiated by the Etruscans.r

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Additional Photos by Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 16403 W: 130 N: 33906] (189357)
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