Photographer's Note

The Temple of Portunus, dating to the first century BC, is an ancient Ionic temple located in the area of the Forum Boarium. The area is now located at a very busy intersection but this park-like area, known as the Piazza Bocca della Verita for the famous Bocca della Verita, located in a church (Santa Maria in Cosmedin) across the street, is still a popular destination because of the two ancient structures found here. This small corner lot is home to both the Temple of Hercules Victor and the Temple of Portunus. The latter, featured in the photo, was once known as the Temple of Fortuna Virilis before it was positively identified. In ancient times, it overlooked the Port Tiberinus where there was a sharp bend in the river, to oversee cattle barges entering the city from the port at Ostia. It consists of a tetrastyle portico and cella, and it's raised on a high podium. Its original coating of stucco over tufa and travertine does not survive. As in the case of many other ancient structures, it probably survives because it was converted into a church, from at least 872. It was then rededicated to Santa Maria Egyziaca (Saint Mary of Egypt).

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Additional Photos by Terez Anon (terez93) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 74 W: 78 N: 621] (1384)
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