Photographer's Note

This is of course Michelangelo's Moses.

The Moses (c. 1513–1515) is a sculpture by Michelangelo Buonarroti, housed in the church of San Pietro in Vincoli in Rome. It was commissioned in 1505 by Pope Julius II for his tomb and was completed in 1545; Julius II died in 1513.

We see that Moses has horns on his head. Why?
I read in Wikipedia:
The depiction of a horned Moses stems from the description of Moses' face as "cornuta" ("horned") in the Latin Vulgate translation of the passage from Exodus in which Moses returns to the people after receiving the commandments for the second time. The Douay-Rheims Bible translates the Vulgate as, "And when Moses came down from the mount Sinai, he held the two tables of the testimony, and he knew not that his face was horned from the conversation of the Lord." This was Jerome's effort to faithfully translate the difficult, original Hebrew Masoretic text. In general medieval theologians and scholars understood that Jerome had intended to express a glorification of Moses' face, by his use of the Latin word for "horned.":74-90 The understanding that the original Hebrew was difficult and was not likely to literally mean "horns" persisted into and through the Renaissance.
Although Jerome completed the Vulgate in the late 3rd century, the first known applications of the literal language of the Vulgate in art are found in an English illustrated book written in the vernacular, that was created around 1050. [...]
In Christian art of the Middle Ages, Moses is depicted wearing horns and without them; sometimes in glory, as a prophet and precursor of Jesus, but also in negative contexts, especially with regard to Pauline contrasts between faith and law - the iconography was not black and white.

ikeharel, krzychu30, Romano46, Kofman, jhm, holmertz, PaulVDV, ChrisJ has marked this note useful

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Additional Photos by Malgorzata Kopczynska (emka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 9233 W: 140 N: 23252] (115571)
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