Photographer's Note

Cathedral - Matera
The Cathedral of Matera was completed in 1270, and built in the "civita", the highest and most visible point of the city where the first inhabited center of the Sassi rose, on the area of a Benedictine monastery dedicated to Saint Eustace consecrated in 1082, and , as it was discovered at the beginning of the 20th century during the construction works for the foundations of the adjacent building of the Archdiocesan Seminary, it was built on an artificial embankment to further raise its position (it remains visible from all points of the ancient city and from the surrounding countryside). During the aforementioned works, deep trenches were dug, revealing all the ancient habitation layers of the city in 12 meters, as they descended in depth: medieval dwellings, an early Christian church and houses from the same period, Byzantine finds such as coins and architectural remains , another floor of Roman dwellings, Greek sepulchres with important vases that are part of the typical funerary equipment and finally remains of pottery that was characteristic of the early Iron Age. A "radiograph", in short, of the ancient life of Matera.
The building is in Apulian Romanesque style and has an exterior rich in strongly symbolic elements that recall the spiritual life of the time. The main façade faces the valley of the Sasso Barisano and presents, on the main door surrounded by delicate floral decorations, the statue of the Madonna della Bruna, the patron saint of the city, while in the niches on the sides of the door are on the left San Paolo and on the right Saint Peter. In the external lateral niches we can see on the left San Teopista and on the right Sant’Eustachio, minor patrons of Matera. The statues are attributable to the Persians, a Materan family very artistically active in the middle of the '500.
The central rosette is instead made up of small columns and small arches and recalls a theme very much in vogue at the time: the wheel of fortune, the game of fate. It is dominated by the Archangel Michael who crushes the dragon and surrounded by figures of people who seem to represent the emerging social classes of the time: a rich man on the right, a craftsman on the left, a nobleman below.

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 16637 W: 130 N: 34375] (191261)
  • Genre: Places
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2019-05-11
  • Categories: Architecture
  • Exposure: f/0.7, 30 seconds
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2019-05-17 0:24
Viewed: 739
Points: 52
  • None
Additional Photos by Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 16637 W: 130 N: 34375] (191261)
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