Photographer's Note

The aim of founding the Szentendre Open Air Museum was to present folk architecture, interior decoration, farming and way of life in the Hungarian language area from the 2nd half of the 18th century to the 1st half of the 20th century, through original and authentic objects, relocated houses arranged in old settlement patters. The more and more elaborate settlement plan appropriates the relocation of more than 400 edifices into the museum, arranged into village-like regional units on the basis of ethnographical considerations.

Dwelling house, Kispalád

At the end of the village, by the goose pond and rettery, the wattle-fenced croft of a poor peasant family, living on 2-3 holds, can be seen. The house was built early in the 19th century. This is the simplest and most archaic building in the regional unit. The structure and heating devices of the home of room-kitchen-room arrangement remind one of the Middle Ages. It is timber-framed, wattle-walled and its half-hipped rafter roof, open at both ends, is covered with trodden straw. There is no chimney. Smoke from the fireplace in both rooms and from the open-hearth leaves through the canopy above the ceiling of the kitchen to the loft then through the roof to the open. The pegged, hewn entrance door of carpenter-made frame under the eaves has a complicated wooden lock.

The Upper Tisza Region

The regional unit conjures up the traditional peasant way of life in Erdőhát (Szatmár County). The subregion of characteristic culture lies in Szamosköz, north-eastern Hungary, between the rivers Tisza and Szamos. Erdőhát borders on Tiszahát in the north and on Szamoshát on the south-west. Its eastern parts are referred to by its inhabitants as Túrhát and Palágyság. The elevations (hátak) of the land, slashed by streams and brooks, were covered with woods, rich in fruit-trees, and with dense oak-forests, even in the early 19th century. Most villages of the population settled here in the age of the Arpads (897-1301) were built on clearings in the 11th-14th centuries. In keeping with ecological conditions people mainly engaged in animal husbandry, silviculture, fishing and gathering. Tilling and grain production only became significant after the regulation of rivers and draining of marshes in the last third of the 19th century.(Source:

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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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