Photographer's Note

Because of its central location it had a strategic role even in the Roman times. It used to have the right of organizing fairs and staple right. It had gradually become the centre of the trade towards the West. In the Turkish times it had a significant role as the border castle of Christianity to protect Europe.

Püspökvár (Bishop Castle)

With its 13th-century origins and including the 14th-15th-century additions, the Bishop's Castle is the town's oldest building. Its system of defences (ramparts, arrow-headed bastions and the Fehérvár Gate) was erected in the 16th-17th centuries.
Győr Castle was reinforced in the second half of the 1500's to stop the advancing Turkish troops before Vienna. The arrow-headed bastions were designed by renowned Italian military engineers of the day to defend against firearms.
During the major urban development in the 19th-century most bastions and walls were demolished. The only one that remains is the Sforza bastion.
The lapidairum of the János Xantus Museum of Győr is located in its yard and in its 16th-century late Gothic and 17th-century Renaissance dungeons (casemates). Opposite the entrance is the iron-sheeted door of the Fehérvári Gate. Next to it there is an enormous enlarged photograph of an engraving that shows how the Christian soldiers blew up the gate during the 1598 siege.
Standing on the square in front of the Sforza bastion, its scale gives an idea of Győr's strategic importance while its shapes (angular lines, dents, canon-stands) demonstrate the fact that Bishop's Castle was one of the most modern strongholds of its day. The canons add some atmosphere for passers-by and suit the ambience of the castle, although they belong to a different period.


Town of county rank with nearly 130,000 inhabitants. It is connected to Slovakia in the north, to Austria in the west, to Lake Balaton to the south and to Budapest to the east with its routes.
Győr is particularly rich in ecclesiastical heritage. The episcopal cathedral holds one of the most valuable examples of goldsmith's work, the St Ladislaus herm that was made in the 15th century for the relics of King Ladislaus I. The sarcophagus of beatified martyr bishop Vilmos Apor (1892-1945) is also found in the cathedral. The treasury of the basilica keeps numerous values and its fine art collections are particularly valuable.
There are permanent exhibitions of the work of one of the most significant ceramists of the 20th century, Győr-born Margit Kovács (1902-1977), and of outstanding Hungarian sculptor of the 20th century, Miklós Borsos (1906-1990) who studied in the Benedictine grammar school. Natural scientist, traveller and ethnographer János Xantus (1825-1894) after whom the city museum and zoo were named also attended school here.
The thermal baths and aquapark provide the residents and visitors alike with an opportunity for rejuvenation and there are numerous possibilities for outings and walks. (Source: Vendégváró)

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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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