Photographer's Note

Dear TE Friends,
I begin the new year with a festive photo, I hope you like this. The photo was taken on Celebration of grape and wine in Pécs.

Széchenyi Square is the centre of Pécs and as such plays an important role in the life of the town. In the market of bygone days, where up to the early 20th century women from the surrounding villages dressed in colourful traditional costumes sold their produce, visitors today can be witnesses of craft fairs and merriments. Each September, as a part of the Pécs Festival (Pécsi Napok), the square is the venue for the Festival of Grapes and Wines (Szőlő és Bor Ünnepe) with a fair, a vintage parade and tastings of the famous Baranya wines.

Djami, Roman Catholic city church (Belvárosi templom) – in the backstage

The Turkish djami was built between 1543 and 1546 on the site of the former St Bartholomew church. After the Turkish left the Jesuits dismantled the minaret and modified the building. However, it retains Islamic elements.
The builder of the djami was Gazi Kasim, later pasha of Buda. The djami remained intact following the recapture of the town after which the Jesuits used it as their church. It was modified in 1702 and again in 1766; the entrance hall and the minaret connected to the supporting wall of the entrance hall on the right corner were dismantled. Between 1939 and 1942 the djami was freed from the walls of the previous additions and extensions. At the same time the current semicircular building to the north was added.

Hunyadi János rider's sculpture

The bronze rider's sculpture of Hunyadi János - one of Hungary's largest strategists – was prepared in 1956 by Pátzay Pál. Prepared from the bronze creation It was set up on the 500th anniversary of death Hunyadi János in 1956. (Hunyadi János - Mátyás king's father. Hungary's governor. The 1456 Nándorfehérvár triumph is connected his name.)


Pécs lies at the foot of one of the higher chains of the Mecsek Hills.
First named Sopianae, the settlement came under the authority of the Roman Empire in 10 BC. The early Christian period of Sopianae is preserved by the Early Christian Necropolis uncovered in the area in front of the current Cathedral around the former Mons Sacrum (Sacred Hill). This unique heritage complex was entered onto the World Heritage Sites.
The first Hungarian king, St Stephen, established the bishopric and the cathedral of Pécs in a charter dated 23rd August 1009 in Győr. The first Hungarian university was founded here by the Anjou King Louis I the Great in 1367. The period between 1459 and 1472 was the era of Bishop Janus Pannonius and the flowering of Renaissance culture in Pécs. This spirit can still be traced in the features in the town centre, a district that is made even more special by the numerous characteristic buildings surviving from the Turkish times.

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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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