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The island owes its name to St. Irene, the name by which the Venetians called it. It was formerly known porKallístē (Greek Καλλίστη, "most beautiful"), Strongylos (Στρογγύλη, "the Circular") or Thera (Θήρα), which still bears the name in Greek.
Apart from the main island of Santorini has several islets in its vicinity, forming an almost circular island, traces of the big eruption that tore the island. The island group is also known as the Strip (in Greek, Θήρα).
Santorini is the highest active volcano in the Aegean Arc called, consists of a large submerged caldera, surrounded by the remains of their flanks. This current form of the island is due, in large part to the eruption about 3,500 years ago (about 1680 BC) ago shattered their territory. That eruption, high explosive, created the current boiler and produced pyroclastic deposits with a few hundred meters thick that all that remained was performed on the island and have reached large areas of the Aegean and the neighboring territories.
The impact of this eruption was felt throughout the earth, but with particular intensity in the Mediterranean basin. The rash appears to be linked to the collapse of Minoan civilization on Crete, Santorini 110 km far to the south. It is believed that such a cataclysm has Ispir subsequent legends about Atlantis.

from: wikipédia

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Additional Photos by Paulo Miranda (PMiranda) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 98 W: 39 N: 80] (456)
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