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Photographer's Note

One of the most striking features of the image of Kavala is the Acropolis. Since rising to the top of the peninsula of Mary tied matches an harmonious whole with the homonym of the historic homes district that stretches around the installments. The Castle in the Kavala-and say Fortress is just one part of the walls of the magnificent old town. It is certainly the most beautiful part, the highest point and that almost certainly saved the whole .. The city walls have a very old story. First built in the early 5th century BC with local granite boulders in length and 1.80 count. Part of these walls survives today in many places-especially in the west-district. The walls were extended and repaired by the Byzantines, and was built in 1306 AD by the Byzantine Emperor Andronicus II Palaeologus the Black Wall. "Today's citadel of Kavala built-in most of the first-quarter of the 15th century. He succeeded the Byzantine citadel of Christoupolis-that was destroyed in 1391 along with the rest of the city incorporating the construction of the ruins tis.Pithana the oldest Byzantine citadel come to the central cylindrical tower; the existence of a fortified tower house of the commandant and appropriate to view the last defense, it was common to Byzantine-Citadels and the dexameni.Vevaia remains unknown original form of these buildings, which were adjusted in the subsequent fortification construction. The construction follows the configuration of the ground and includes an external enclosure with three towers and two entrances. It is a place which is now the summer theater frouriou.To inner part of the safer, including a large water cistern, ammunition depot, later used as a prison, and the central tower is the last defense. None reached the battlements with small steps, built at intervals, kept until today. This inner part has a length of 90 meters, width 3.6 and the region around 200 meters, while the central tower 18 meters height. The inner wall and an important part of the citadel enclosed because all of the necessary facilities for the defense. The reservoir water storage of ammunition and food in the building that we now call "prison", suitable rooms for accommodation Guard, the construction of the "outpost" and secluded castle, suitable for viewing a last defense.
The whole citadel is built with local granite crude stone, mixed with pieces of brick and marble in the second year, joined together with plenty of plaster. Fragments of marble idaitera meet the lintel and the threshold of the gates of the citadel and at the entrances of the central cylindrical tower and fylakis.Oi Turks after the recapture of the castle in August 1425, following the example of the Venetians have connected the citadel with normal the walls of the peninsula, creating the external enclosure.
After the 16th century the citadel was closely linked with the history of Kavala. The construction activity at the time of Souleimantou Magnificent, who gave so much to the new city can be attributed to the building of prisons, most of the ammunition depot and found the food Emvligia Tselempi the citadel, the 1667.Ton 18th century citadel imprisoned influential persons (since the storage of ammunition and food was renamed in prison). At that time or shortly thereafter, as shown by the very rough masonry, and built a small mosque over the tank. In the 19th century passed the B. Nicolaides from Kavala. Finds nstin citadel sixteen cannons and highlights the weakness of the face of a possible attack by the seaside. The Acropolis of Kavala was the last refuge and hope chest of residents of the old city, the sieges and blockades of pirates and other enemies. Kavala soon spread outside the vicinity of the peninsula became a large yard and a very important commercial harbor. This edge of town resulted in the frequent raids against the pirates and the Christian fleets especially in the 17th century acted in Aigaio.Oi led to increased defense needs some changes at the last akropolis.Gia the citadel was used during the World War II when it was occupied by the troops of occupation. The building was demolished after the war. Traces of the divided territory and in front of the outpost. Today is the first sign that "must" to visit, now that there can not draw the best pictures. Perhaps the ascent to the castle is a bit tedious but the journey and the beauty that one sees going up is the best reward. It has a clean atmosphere where you can see clear Thassos, the peninsulas of Peramos and even the Holy Mountain and Samothrace.

I hope not to bore you with my notes.
If this happened, I apologize.

Dimitris

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Additional Photos by Dimitris Kastanaras (kastanaras) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 79 W: 0 N: 174] (1160)
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