Photographer's Note

I know that the photo technically is bad but it was very difficult to take a better one.. the wind was so strong that made it very hard for the shadow theatre to be performed.. the stage was waving all the time.. besides the all event was a concert of cretan music with a lot of people and I couldn't use a tripod in front of the stage...
The only reason that I have decided to post this picture was to make a tribute to karagiozis and his history...

I have attended many time in concerts of traditional Cretan music and several other times the shadow theatre of Karagiozis, but never attended a concern combining both of them and it was really wonderful. We laughed a lot and had a great time.

Below I have taken a text from wikipedia concerning karagiozi:

Karagiozis (Greek: Καραγκιόζης, from Turkish: Karagöz) is a shadow puppet and fictional character of Greek traditional folklore inspired from an Ottoman Turkish counterpart who was known as Karagöz. He is the main character of the tales narrated in the Greek theatre of shadows. Karagöz in Turkish means 'black-eyed', and it is the origin of this character's name.

The art of the Theatre of Shadows was originally oriental.There are several stories of how shadow theater was established in Asia Minor. Some believe the Turks were influenced by the Gypsies who came from India, while others claim that they were influenced by the Chinese at the time when the Turks were still nomadic tribes, still others argue for a mediterranean origin in the Egyptian shadow puppet tradion. Whatever the case, it is worthwhile to mention that regardless of religious restrictions, shadow theater became more widespread around the 16th century among the Muslim Turks.

Originally, his popular appeal was his scatalogical language and protruding phallus. It is still performed in Turkey, especially during Ramadan celebrations, under the same name.

Karagiozis seems to have come to mainland Greece, probably from Asia Minor (Anatolia) in the 19th century, during Ottoman rule. Karagiozis was hellenized in Patras, Greece in the end of 19th century by Dimitrios Sardounis alias Mimaros, who is considered the founder of modern Greek shadow theater.

The genre became a fully integrated, though adapted, amongst the Greek population. But there are several legends as well as studies surrounding Karagiozis's arrival and subsequent popularity in Greece. Some stories say that Greek merchants brought the art from China and others say that it was a Greek who created the "legend" during Ottoman rule for the entertainment of the sultan. Yet others believe that it originated from real events involving two masonry workers named Karagöz and Haci Ivat (pronounced Hadji Ivat) working in the construction of a mosque in the city of Bursa in early 14th century.

Karagiozis is a poor hunchbacked Greek, his right hand is always depicted long, his clothes are botched, and his feet are always bare. He lives in a poor cottage with his wife Aglaia and his three boys, during the times of the Ottoman Empire. The scene (called Karagoz Perde) is occupied by his cottage in the left, and the Sultan's Palace (Sarayi) on the far right.

Because of his poverty, Karagiozis uses mischievous and crude ways to find money and feed his family.

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Additional Photos by Michalis Orfanakis (orfanak) Silver Star Critiquer/Silver Note Writer [C: 35 W: 0 N: 24] (174)
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