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Photographer's Note

This is the Roman goddes Victoria on top of the Victory Column (pleasesee workshop photo!) in Berlin. It was built from 1864 to commemorate the Prussian victory in the Danish-Prussian War and it was inaugurated on 2 Sept.1873. Prussia had also defeated Austria in the Austro-Prussian War (1866) and France in the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71), giving the statue a new purpose. Different from the original plans, these later victories in the so-called unification wars inspired the addition of the bronze sculpture of Victoria, 8.3 meters high and weighing 35 tons. Berliners with their fondness for giving nicknames to famous buildings, call the statue Goldelse, meaning something like "Golden Lizzy".
Built on a base of polished red granite, the column sits on a hall of pillars with a glass mosaic. The column itself consists of four solid blocks of sandstone, three of which are decorated by gold-plated cannon barrels captured from the enemies of the three wars. The fourth ring is decorated with golden garlands and was added in 1938–39 when the column was moved to its present location. The relocation of the monument probably saved it from destruction, as its old site in front of the Reichstag was destroyed.

The fourth ring in the victory column also has a meaning, similarly to the original 3 rings. The fourth ring was added by Hitler to celebrate the annexation of Austria to Germany on March 12, 1938 - giving it its present height of 66.89 meters.
The relief decoration had to be removed at the request of the French forces in 1945, probably to prevent Germans from being reminded of former victories, especially the defeat of the French in 1871. It was restored for the 750th anniversary of Berlin in 1987 by the French president at that time, Francois Mitterand. However, several sections remain in France.

Surrounded by a street circle with heavy traffic, the column is accessible to pedestrians through four tunnels. Please see Map view right hand.

Today the Victory Column is a major tourist attraction to the city of Berlin and from its top (285 steps) visitors can enjoy a breathtaking view.

In workshop you can see the whole monument. You also can see an impact of an artillery shell from World War II in one of the columns .

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Additional Photos by Frank Kaiser (Buin) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4253 W: 48 N: 10771] (42580)
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